Appearing in the Middle Ages, oil painting is considered the "queen" technique of artistic creation (the vast majority of masterpieces in our museums are oil paintings).
Born from classic workshops and large formats, the traditional profession of the painter was and remains the referential base of the oil technique.
Oil painting requires patience because it is a technique that requires a long drying time. During drying, the oil hardens and traps the pigments, without changing the appearance of the paint.
Thanks to the use of spatulas we can obtain effects of materials and textures.
She was the favorite of the Impressionists. Today it remains the favorite painting of painters of the twentieth century (figurative or abstract) for its ability to adapt according to technical progress and retaining its cardinal virtues: opacity and transparency, superposition of colors, depth of tones, graduation of pasta.
The oil painting is deep, shiny and durable, the nuances combine endlessly from the glazes to the highlights for spectacular pictorial results.
The pictorial layers of the table are superimposed according to the principle of "fat on lean" and exploit the transparencies of certain pigments combined with that of mediums.
They are called "juice" (very little pigment and a lot of thinner), "glaze" (very little pigment and a lot of medium in resin) "velature" (very little pigment, a lot of medium in resin and a little white)
Nice visit among these magnificent paintings using this technique ...
Souces : Wikipedia et Dalbé